Same Sex Laws

Same sex marriage

A same-sex marriage is one that involves marrying of two individuals who are of the same gender, thus two men or two women. It is also a marriage that has a history of issues related to being legally recognized until June 2015.

Prior to 2013, only 12 states and Washington DC recognized same-sex marriages as being legal. In 2013, a landmark case, Unites States v. Windsor, opened the doors to changing the state bans on same-sex marriage licenses and recognition. On June 26, 2013 the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling that it is unconstitutional for the federal government of the U.S. to deny federal recognition of same-sex marriage licenses if it is recognized or performed in a state that allows same-sex marriage. This led to same-sex marriages being essentially legal in 38 states, Washington DC, and Guam.


Two years later, the U.S. Supreme Court issued another ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges, thus, prohibiting states from blocking the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples or denying recognition of lawfully performed out-of-state marriage licenses to same-sex couples.


Although these laws laid the foundation for same-sex marriages being legally recognized in the United States, there are still counties in three states that have refused to accept the ruling, thus not issuing licenses to same-sex couples. This includes counties in Alabama, Kentucky and Texas.


Beyond the counties refusing to accept the legal requirements for same-sex marriage, same-sex married couples still have other hurdles to jump. For instance, Wisconsin, Indiana and Florida refuse to recognize same-sex marriage in regards to children. Couples in these states are left to provide only one parent’s name on the child’s birth certificate.

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