In This Article
In This Article
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is recognized as a psychiatric disorder.
The symptoms of ADHD revolve around the inability to pay attention.
It is estimated that 6.4 million children in the United States have been diagnosed with ADHD. However, both adults and children can have ADHD.
ADHD can negatively impact schooling, keeping a job, and maintaining healthy relationships.
ADHD can affect personal relationships and make learning, working, or completing daily tasks difficult.
ADHD consists of a combination of problems involving:
The visible warning signs of ADHD often cause children to be diagnosed by the age of seven. Children diagnosed with ADHD tend to have problems with authority figures.
Research shows that males are more likely to be diagnosed with the disorder than females.
There is help for ADHD readily available for children and adults in the form of therapy and medication.
To be diagnosed with ADHD, symptoms must be present for at least six months or longer.
Behavioral issues are more noticeable in children, while signs and symptoms of ADHD in adults are often overlooked.
Due to this, many adults overlook the possibility of having the disorder.
You can learn if someone has ADHD by looking at the most common symptoms and signs of ADHD below:
An individual will only be diagnosed with ADHD if they display six or more of the above symptoms of ADHD.
The causes and risk factors associated with ADHD are still being studied.
However, research suggests that genetics plays an active role in whether a person will develop attention-related disorders.
Other risk factors for ADHD include brain injuries, substance abuse during pregnancy, premature delivery, and low birth weight.
Some cite an overabundance of sugar, poverty, and watching too much television as causes of ADHD, but there is no weight behind these claims.
Living with ADHD can make everyday tasks feel daunting.
ADHD issues often affect children but can also become a chronic condition in adults. The disorder can directly impact behaviors, the ability to learn, and emotions.
The three common ADHD types are as follows:
Inattentive: easily distracted, poor concentration skills, disorganized
Hyperactive-impulsive: inability to sit still, never slowing down, difficulty finishing tasks
Combination: a mixture of both of the above
ADHD affects everyone differently, so it is not uncommon for patients to experience all of the symptoms and types listed above.
The main goal of receiving treatment for ADHD is to manage symptoms and learn positive new behaviors.
Doctors may prescribe medications to help curb the symptoms of ADHD. These drugs fall under the category of stimulant and non-stimulant medications.
ADHD therapy or ADHD counseling can also help children cope with the side effects of their disorder.
Treatments for ADHD include:
A 2016 study found that of the children in the United States aged 2-17 being treated for ADHD, 77% were receiving treatment.
Parents should work with their doctors to determine which medication or avenue of treatment is best for their child.
Along with therapy, children should be physically active daily.
Parents may also consider limiting daily screen time from electronics and smart devices.
A proper diet and sleep routine will also help children and adults deal with their ADHD symptoms.
Central nervous system stimulants are the most common ADHD drugs.
These include such medications as:
There are also non-stimulant medications like:
The side effects of stimulating ADHD medications include:
Non-Stimulant side effects are suicidal thoughts and seizures.
Finding a good therapist for ADHD is important. Patients must feel comfortable with their ADHD counselors to open up fully and see results.
The best therapy for ADHD will be specialized and tailored to the patient’s needs.
A good counselor is one who teaches ADHD pros and cons and looks for ways to control symptoms positively.
The cost of treating ADHD depends on different factors, including country, city, and insurance plans.
Those with good health insurance may have medications or ADHD counseling fully or partially covered.
The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry reports that as of 2012, the average cost for caring for childhood ADHD was $2,720 USD and $4,120 for adults.
The combined cost of caring for ADHD is between $143 to $266 billion annually in the United States alone.