In This Article
In This Article
Domestic violence in a relationship is an act of extending power and control over a partner by using physical aggression.
The United Nations reports that 35% of women worldwide have experienced either physical or sexual violence from an intimate partner.
Men are also victims of domestic abuse, with one in nine men experiencing severe intimate partner violence, sexual aggression, or partner stalking in the United States alone.
Such violence can leave traumatic emotional scars on victims and affect their self-esteem, mental health, career, and family life.
It is defined by aggressive behavior within the home. This behavior often involves a trusted loved one, such as a spouse or family member.
An abuser may use various techniques to control their partner using sexual, emotional, psychological, or economic actions or threats.
It affects all people, no matter what their race, religion, marital status, education, or gender is.
Signs and symptoms of domestic abuse often involve violence but are not limited to physical abuse alone. Mental and sexual abuse are also common behaviors of abusers.
It is estimated that in their lifetime, 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men will be victims of severe physical partner abuse such as burning, strangling, or beating.
The Women's Advocates Crisis Line lists the most common signs of domestic abuse. They are as follows:
These are just some of the behaviors an abuser may use to try and gain control over their intimate partner.
When people think of domestic abuse, they tend to think of physical assault, but there are many different types of intimate partner violence.
Physical abuse is one of the most familiar and recognizable forms of domestic violence. This often involves injury by physical force, such as:
Other types of domestic abuse:
Rape is another form of abuse. This physical domination includes sexual assault, demeaning behaviors, and harassment.
Sexual abuse also includes coercing, such as an abuser forcing a victim to abort a child or refusing to use contraception.
Controlling behavior such as choosing how money is spent, whether a victim can keep a job, have friends, or maintain contact with their family members all fall under the umbrella of domestic abuse.
Financial abuse can be especially devastating for a victim who is trying to leave their partner since the abuser will have full access to funds.
Emotional abuse is another form of coercive control that is characterized by humiliation, criticism, persistent insults, and destruction of the victims' self-worth.
There are several factors that might cause domestic abuse in a relationship. Although these factors causing domestic violence can be unique in every case, a few of the glaring causes are listed below.
Outdated traditions may cause some to believe that men and women do not have equal rights. This may result in a male using violent behavior to dominate his wife until she conforms to his ideals.
Alcohol or drugs can play a significant role in controlling partner behavior. According to a 2004 study by the Global Burden of Disease, alcohol-related violence accounted for 248,000 deaths globally.
Jealousy and low self-esteem may cause an abuser to feel the need to control their spouse to prevent them from leaving the relationship.
The U.S. Department of Justice's National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence found that 1 in 15 children will be exposed to intimate partner violence.
Children of violent partners are also at risk of developing distorted views of relationships and partner violence.
Studies show that females with poor father-daughter relations are more likely to experience aggression and violence in their romantic relationships.
No matter what reason a violent partner has for acting on their aggression, there is never a justification for abusing one's spouse.
Those who are struggling with violence in their relationship should seek help immediately.
Browse for ‘domestic violence counseling near me’, and you will see a plethora of options on your screen.
You can also seek help either in the form of online domestic violence counseling or through domestic violence counseling programs.
What counseling theory is best for domestic violence victims?
The National Domestic Violence Hotline does not recommend attending couples counseling for domestic abuse victims.
The reason being that attending sessions together reinforces the abuser's belief that the abuse is a "relationship" problem instead of a personal problem with violence.
However, if attending counseling together is the only way a partner will seek help, there are many domestic violence counselors out there to help with domestic violence therapy.
‘Domestic violence group counseling’ can provide counseling to help the victims who are still dealing with the after-effects of abuse.
Free domestic violence counseling hotlines are also available for victims either via text, phone call, or online chat.
Victims suffering from domestic abuse should access these websites in incognito mode so their search queries will not be tracked by a controlling abuser.
This is a responsible step for an abuser to take.
To prevent violent domestic situations from occurring, victims are encouraged to develop a safety plan for work, school, and home.
These plans encourage victims to always have a mobile phone on their person and enacting a restraining order against the abuser.
Victims should not feel squeamish about distributing copies of the restraining order to the abuser's supervisor or workplace, security, and children's schools.
A victim may also want to move away, change jobs if possible, move parking spots, change their work schedule, establish danger signals to neighbors and coworkers and create an emergency contact person.
There are many other avenues of treatment and prevention available. Such intervention methods include:
One of the most typical approaches to treating or counseling for domestic violence in kids and families is called the Duluth Model, or Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP).
In this approach, women are seen as victims while men are the sole perpetrators of domestic abuse. The project aims to empower women and provide them with resources, information, and support.
This system has resources in place to hold violent males accountable for their actions and to keep the victims safe.
The DAIP has federal, local, and state supporters which ensures they know how to approach domestic violence in counseling with the victim in denial.
Support groups for victims have had positive results in decreasing victim depression and mental health issues, reduces the justification of victimization and revictimization, improves self-esteem and offers social support.
If you are wondering, why domestic violence victims need counseling, then there are several benefits of domestic abuse counseling, both for the victims as well as the abusers.
Domestic violence counselors are professionally trained in various types of domestic violence counseling techniques, to help victims heal from the abuse they have suffered.
Victims will learn domestic violence facts and be given different techniques and coping mechanisms to work through the psychological effects of their toxic relationship.
Victims of domestic violence should not suffer in silence. Medical treatment is available for those who have suffered physically at the hands of an abuser.
Medical professionals follow doctor-patient confidentiality rules, so patients should feel comfortable being entirely honest about the full extent of their injuries.
Barring medications for psychological conditions such as bipolar or depression (which may contribute to violent behavior), there are no medical treatments for abusers.
Seeking treatment for domestic violence is essential for couple's who wish to stay together. Violent and controlling behavior must be corrected to proceed in the relationship safely.
How much a domestic violence counseling session will cost depends on the couple. Factors include:
On average, domestic violence counseling for couples costs anywhere from $50 to $250 (USD) per hour.