Domestic violence is more than just a relationship issue, it is a crime. Solutions to domestic violence need to include both short and long-term strategies. Short-term strategies should be made up of assistance programs that defend the woman who has witnessed abuse or is currently being abused. They frequently focus on the critical period faced by the victim after he/she leaves the home and is provided with food, shelter and guidance. This is the period when the woman or man who is the victim of abuse is most vulnerable. It is the time that the victim seeks retribution from the abuser, or when she may be forced to go back to the house out of desperation. Long-term strategies are aimed at educating the public and empowering the victim to reinstate her life without violence. It also includes developing programs that create atmosphere of anti-domestic violence in the community.
Any intervention given to the survivors of domestic violence need to include interrelationship among health, legal and social sectors to ensure that stability is maintained and the victim is not constantly referred to a new agency. One particular ground-breaking strategy is to make use of “family crisis centers,” or “victim advocates” to serve as the victim’s connection to a number of sectors.
Support can be provided in the following forms:
1. Availability of crisis intervention strategies
- Provision of crisis intervention services
- The use of crisis hotlines
- Provision of shelters or other emergency residential facilities
- Provision of medical services
- Supply of adequate transportation networks
- Enactment of laws that allow either the victims of abuse or the abusers to be taken away from the home.
2. Provision of emotional support
The victims of abuse need to be provided with emotional support through the following means:
- Provision of self-help through support groups
- Provision of Assertiveness Training to the victims of abuse
- Helping the victims to build self-esteem and self confidence
- Organizing sessions that teach people how to deal with and manage issues of domestic violence
- Developing courses on Parenting Skills
3. Provision of advocacy and legal assistance
The advocacy and legal assistance programs need to include the following:
- Access to and custody of children
- Solving issues with property distribution among the partners
- Provision of financial support
- The use of restraining orders against the abuser
- Provision of public assistance benefits
- Helping victims to gain immigration status
4. Provision of supplementary support services:
- Provision of housing and safe accommodations
- Provision of childcare
- Making it easy for victims to access the community services
A lot of researchers think that the best solution for domestic violence is to prevent people from becoming abusers in the first place. A lot of strategies with regard to this show that this is possible.
Extensive, cultural messages usually make a difference not merely what youngsters witness and hear from their families and neighbors but as well as from those who are their role models on television and in sporting arenas.
Additionally, a number of researchers think that children can potentially be directly trained to refrain from domestic violence in their schools and by their parents.
The researchers are of the opinion that children should be taught how men should treat women and the appropriate ways to suitably express their emotions. Boys and men should be raised with the knowledge that it is okay for men to cry and show some sort of “weak” emotions and that the emotion of anger should not be the only acceptable emotion for boys.
Again, the researchers found out that implementing the following will go a long way in providing a lasting solution to the issue of domestic violence:
- Make penalties for domestic violence consistent and firm
- Amplify funding for support services
- Alter and redesign the way family courts preside over cases of domestic violence
- Assist women to be economically and otherwise independent