Sam divorced Vivian when their children were ages 7, 5, and 3. The courts, recognizing that physical cruelty was a component of the end of the ten-year marriage, awarded the children to Sam to the chagrin of Vivian. Over the next decade, a constant war of custody suites kept the family in a perpetual state of litigation.
ACODs, or the adult children of divorce, were obviously affected by the turmoil the parents just could not work through.
Shuffled from home to home, counselor to counselor, the children dealt with intense emotional duress as they navigated childhood.
In so many ways, the children of divorced parents can feel like they have lost years of their lives.
Eventually, the last of the suits were settled, and the family moved on with life. Years later, Sam and Vivian’s kids went through a recurrence of the pain inflicted by their parent’s divorce. In and out of counseling sessions, the “adult children” recognized that their painful childhood had created ongoing malaise.
No one signs up for a divorce
No one steps into a marriage expecting it to fall apart within a few years.
But it happens. It not only leaves the estranged couple strained and broken, but it also leaves an indelible mark on children of divorce. So, how does divorce affect children?
With parents getting divorced, it has been said, is like ripping flesh. The effects of divorce on parents and children are devastating and it tends to weaken the parent-child relationship.
Unfortunately, divorces are made even more complicated when children are involved. Whether it is the effects of divorce on toddlers or grown-ups, it is a traumatic loss and at such times children are often vulnerable to mental and physical difficulties.
With toddlers, while they are able to reach an equal footing with their contemporaries in a few years, yet initially there is increased separation anxiety, & crying, delay in achieving growth milestones like potty-training, expression, and susceptibility to aggressive behavior and tantrums.
These toddlers of divorced parents may also have trouble sleeping.
While every child’s experience of divorce is different, the adult children of divorcees tend to share a common set of characteristics and challenges, facets of personality and experience that shape decision making and the “child’s” coloring of the world.
Children of divorce have a complete paradigm shift in how they function, think, and make decisions.
The Adult Children of Divorce – ACODs
In this piece about kids with divorced parents, we look at the adult children of divorce and the negative effects of divorce on children.
Perhaps you are reviewing this article because you count yourself among the growing legion of adult children of divorce who have suffered the impacts of divorce on a child.
If so, take note of this article and see if you can see yourself in some of these descriptions. And, if you recognize some of yourself in this piece, ponder the ways you can continue to address some of the more debilitating issues “ACODs” face as they move deeper into adulthood.
Dealing with parents’ divorce in adulthood is nerve-wracking for children who just stepped into adulthood.
One of the psychological effects of divorce on children is that the adult Children of Divorce often wrestle with trust issues.
Having endured some unsavory times during the pivotal childhood years, ACODs may have trouble developing healthy/trusting relationships with other adults. At the risk of getting hurt by the significant adults in their lives, ACODs may be quite slow at letting people step into their circle of trust.
Adults of divorced parents are often self-reliant. ACODs trust their ability and understanding of the world above everyone else. Parents’ trust issues plague them and shadow their trusting abilities.
Counseling Children of divorce is the only way to make sure they recuperate from the shattering effects of divorce and are able to build lasting and fulfilling relationships.
One of the major divorce challenges is that the children of divorce often end up being damaged goods.
When parents are getting divorced, the children of divorced parents end up as more susceptible to substance abuse than their peers who are a part of happy families.
Addiction is often among the demons that ACODs face after the children of divorce emerges from their troubled childhoods. In an attempt to fill the emotional and spiritual voids in the soul, undergoing the divorce trauma children may turn to alcohol and/or drugs for a boost or a release.
Obviously, addiction can bring other troubles into the ACOD’s life including trouble at work and dissatisfaction in intimate relationships. A child of divorce relationships is fraught with more issues in relationships than a normal person.
Codependency is a concern that ACODs may encounter in adulthood. Having been put in the subconscious position of “caregiver” for their emotionally fragile parents or parents, ACODs may seem quick to “fix others” or provide care for another at the expense of themselves.
This codependency phenomenon can sometimes lead an ACOD to partner with an addict or an emotionally troubled person who needs to be “babied.” With the codependent ACOD and the wounded partner in a “dependency dance,” the ACOD may lose a sense of personal identity.
Resentment of parents can be a facet of the Adult Child of Divorce’s relationship with their parents. If the ACOD’s parents had a significantly troubling divorce, the ACOD may continue to resent the loss of time, quality of life, happiness, and the like.
Long after the divorce has been finalized, the ACOD may harbor intense resentment toward one or both parents. The resentment, if unchecked by meaningful conversation and/or counseling, can be absolutely debilitating.
A pronounced caregiver role may emerge in the ACOD’s life when their parent(s) moves into later life. If the Adult Child of Divorce was a “parentified child” in earlier life, that is, was put in the position of providing emotional support for a wounded parent years before, they may feel a continued obligation to care for the parent.
This is a terrible situation, but it happens with a good deal of frequency.
Among the ACOD’s saddest struggles, is the fact that they have lost seasons of life. Unfortunately, none of us can reclaim days that we lose to anger, sadness, health scares, and the like. Many ACODs recall that they were often in a state of confusion and anxiety as children.
It is hard to “claim a childhood” when the formative days that were intended to be inundated with joy and laughter are sullied by the “larger family crisis.”
Many ACODs in a reflective space will tell counselors, “I feel like I lost big chunks of my childhood.”
How to cope with a divorce
Divorce is tragic and painful. While some divorces are necessary for the health and well-being of all parties, divorce can inflict a lifetime of emotional hardship on those connected to the marital disillusion.
Children, while shielded from the potential of further emotional and/or physical abuse among the parties, do carry a lifetime of regret and anxiety triggered by the parting of the parents.
If you are an Adult Child of Divorce, recognize that you are joined by millions of others still trying to wade through the deep emotions that linger in the aftermath of the divorce.
Get help if you recognize that old wounds are hurting your present state of mind and current level of functioning. Although letting go is not easy, the best advice is to let yourself feel what you feel, talk to a credible, trained therapist, or join a support group and give yourself some time to heal.
We were created to thrive; this is still possible for you. Believe it and go easy on yourself.
If you feel disconnected or frustrated about the state of your marriage but want to avoid separation and/or divorce, the marriage.com course meant for married couples is an excellent resource to help you overcome the most challenging aspects of being married.
Sylvia Smith loves to share insights on how couples can revitalize their love lives in and out of the bedroom. As a writer at Marriage.com, she is a big believer in living consciously and encourages couples to adopt this principle in their lives too. Sylvia believes that every couple can transform their relationship into a happier, healthier one by taking purposeful and wholehearted action.